Analysis of the near full length genomes of HIV-1 subtypes B, F and BF recombinant from...

36. Sanabani S, Kleine Neto W, Kalmar EM, Diaz RS, Janini LM, Sabino EC (2006). Analysis of the near full length genomes of HIV-1 subtypes B, F and BF recombinant from a cohort of 14 patients in São Paulo, Brazil. Infect Genet Evol. Sep;6(5):368-77.


The human immune deficiency virus (HIV) exhibits strikingly tremendous amount of genetic variability. Such feature is critically important for the virus to adapt to environmental changes by escaping the host immune system and by escaping candidate vaccine. Therefore, understanding of such diversity is fundamental for the design of successful drugs or vaccine, which is urgently needed to bring the HIV/AIDS epidemic under control. In this study, we investigated the magnitude of diversity of the HIV-1 near full-length genomes from patients previously assigned as infected with non-recombinant HIV-1 subtypes B and F1 variants based on small portion of viral genome. HIV-1 proviral DNA was extracted from 14 samples previously classified in our laboratory as six subtypes B and eight subtypes F on the basis of small amplicon sequencing. Reamplifications of DNA from these samples were carried out by an overlapping PCR followed by direct sequencing. The data were phylogenetically inferred. Sequence analysis revealed that two out of six partially identified subtype B and six out of eight partially identified subtype F were in fact BF recombinants throughout their full genomes. Two pairs BF recombinants had identical genomic recombination structure and distinct from the Argentinean CRF 12_BF strains, probably represents a novel circulating recombinant forms in Brazil. Our data provided new genetic material of some of the HIV-1 subtypes currently circulating in the country and points to the widespread of BF recombinants which are expected to change the epidemic nature by approaching the level of subtype B in Brazil.