Reactivation of Ancestral strains of HIV-1 in the gp120 V3 env region in patients fallings...

37. Silva WP, Santos DE, Leal E, Brunstein A, Sucupira MC, Sabino EC, Diaz RS (2006). Reactivation of ancestral strains of HIV-1 in the gp120 V3 env region in patients failing antiretroviral therapy and subjected to structured treatment interruption. Virology. Jul 24.

Abstract

We analyzed gp120V3 HIV-1 env region genetic diversity of 27 patients failing antiretrovirals and subjected to 12-week structured treatment interruption (STI). Based on heteroduplex mobility assays, eight patients presented low pre- and post-STI genetic diversity (G1); five presented high pre-STI but low post-STI diversity (G2); five presented low pre-STI and high post-STI diversity (G3); and nine, high pre- and post-STI diversity (G4). One patient from G1, two from G2 and two from G3 were subjected to proviral DNA end-point PCR and sequencing. In three patients, the dramatic disturbance caused by STI resulted in ancestral viral progeny activation, which repopulated the cell reservoir. In two patients presenting highly homogeneous sequences and low immune selective pressure (dN/dS ratio <1), this phenomenon was not observed. The mechanisms involved in viral evolution, in which antiretroviral therapy also applies selective pressure, sometimes affects coreceptor usage of circulating viruses, leading to the suppression of x4 strains.